How Does Hair Transplantation Work?

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Hair surgery happens to be the only natural and lasting method of hair restoration for people suffering from hereditary form of baldness and burn patients. Hair transplantation is one of few existing surgical hair restoration methods and without any doubt it is the most effective and the most popular way of regaining the lost glory. Hair transplantation consists in transplanting your own hair from the back and the sides of your scalp to the top and the front of your head. It is also possible to transplant body hair but this method is not recommended as long as you have enough donor hair on your scalp. Body hair has a different texture, length, waviness, color and is therefore less suitable for covering bald spots on your head than your hair from your own scalp.

At the moment it is not possible to transplant hair from one person’s head to another person. This would necessitate the lifetime commitment to immunosuppressant pills, which is too high price to pay for a hair transplant. The hair at the back and sides of your head is in people suffering from male pattern baldness, characteristic of its typical horseshoe pattern, thought to be resistant to thinning and balding. Therefore, such hair if transplanted to the top of your head will stay there for ever. Female balding pattern is often different in that women are losing their hair from their entire scalp and thus it is often impossible to identify the hair that is resistant to balding. Therefore, women do not make very good candidates for hair transplantation since they can lose their transplanted hair and will need another session.

There are two basic hair transplantation techniques used these days – follicular unit transplantation (FUT) and follicular unit extraction (FUE). The difference is in harvesting hair follicles. FUT is an older technique consisting in extracting a strip of skin from the back of your scalp. This strip can be 1.5cm wide and 20cm long and is then placed under dissecting microscopes in order to extract individual hair follicles. Such hair follicles are then implanted into small needle poke openings in the balding area. FUE consists in harvesting individual hair follicles, which are then devoid of unnecessary tissue and directly implanted in the balding area. This is a newer and more expensive method of hair transplantation. Its downside is lower yield and necessity to undergo several sessions as it is impossible to cover large areas using FUE in a single procedure. It is usually recommended to use FUT for people in advanced stages of baldness.